Around one-fifth of the world countries are landlocked, it means that these countries are completely surrounded by land. In other words, these countries have no direct access to oceans or ocean-accessible sea, and they’re majorly dependent on neighboring countries for trade and other purposes.
Does being a landlocked country an Issues?
Yes, very much so, because you will not have direct access to world’s oceans, through which most of trade happens. These countries are considered among the poorest in the world. Some of the issues these countries face includes:
- There are high transportation and transit costs, because of no direct access to ports.
- The country is highly dependent on neighboring country to access world market and natural resources.
- No direct access to oceanic food.
- Military constraints because of lack of naval options
Note: Kazakhstan is the world’s largest landlocked country by area that is 2,724,900 square kilometers.
Here is the list of 44 Landlocked countries based on continents:
North America and Australia have no landlocked countries.
Landlocked Countries of Africa
Africa has 16 landlocked countries:
Central African Republic
Landlocked Countries of Asia
Asia has 12 landlocked countries:
Landlocked Countries of Europe
Europe has 14 landlocked countries:
Landlocked Countries of South America
South America has just two landlocked countries: