The United States and Iran have had a rocky relationship in the past. Here is a overview of the history of the United States and Iran relations.
Iran has a rich and important place in world history. It is one of the regions included in the Fertile Crescent.
This collection of ancient civilizations are credited with technological innovations such as writing, agriculture, irrigation, and the wheel. Humans made these remarkable advancements around 10,000 B.C.
Iran’s ancient history is impressive, but its modern history is a little more contentious. Iran and the United States have a particularly long and controversial history. In fact, traveling to Iran may make visiting America more difficult.
Prime Minister Mossadegh
In 1951, Mohammad Mossadegh was appointed as Prime Minister of Iran. Almost immediately, he began trying to nationalize Iran’s oil reserves. Mossadegh wanted to free Iran from the heavy hand of foreign interests taking advantage of the country’s natural resources.
In 1953, America and the United Kingdom worked jointly to overthrown Mossadegh. Britain wanted to regain control over the Iranian oil industry and eventually convinced American president Dwight D. Eisenhower to help them.
After Mossadegh was overthrown, the people of Iran revolted. This revolution led to the eventual dissolution of the Iranian monarchy, an institution that lasted over 2,500 years. The United States backed the last monarch, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, until the bitter end.
From 1979 to 1981, Iranian terrorists held 52 terrified hostages for 444 days. The incident occurred in a United States embassy in Tehran.
Between 1985 and 1986 American found itself embroiled in a scandal with Iran. The Iran-Contra affair involved top officials of the Ronald Reagan administration selling weapons to Iran.
A portion of this profit was used to fight the left-wing government in Nicaragua, specifically the Contras terrorist organization.
Iran Air Flight
On July 3, 1988, an American warship shot down an Iran Air flight. The warship claims they misidentified the aircraft as a potential threat. There are no survivors of the crash and 66 children lost their lives.
Sanctions on Iran
Over fears of nuclear plans in Iran, the United States drafts sanctions. The UN and the EU also pass sanctions against the conservative government at the time.
The Nuclear Deal
The Obama administration broke through the tension for the first time in over 30 years with a call to the president. Since then, six oil tankers have been bombed and Iran shot down an American drone.
Afterward, Iran joined an agreement with other Western nations to limit its nuclear activity and allow inspectors in.
Trump’s administration decided to reverse all the goodwill of the previous administration by retracting the nuclear deal and re-imposing sanctions.
You can read more about this tough stance on Iranian-U.S. politics at irandeal.wordpress.com.
More on the United States and Iran Relations
The United States and Iran relations go back more than 60 years. Unfortunately, those decades are largely fraught with conflict, suspicion, and even violence. This relationship is more complicated than what can be captured in a simple article.
If you’re interested in learning more about the intricate world of geopolitics, don’t forget to stop by our page.